Master of Arts, Helsinki (Finland) University, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy, Helsinki (Finland) University, 1955.
Secretary to manager KONE Oy Elevators and Cranes, Helsinki, 1954-1958. Docent Greek literature Helsinki University, 1956-1970. Docent classical philology Åbo (Finland) Akademi University, 1958-1962, professor Greek and Roman literature, 1962-1993, dean Faculty of Letters, 1967-1970.
Fellow Finnish Society Sciences and Letters, Vetenskapssoc. Lund; member Nordic Plato Society (president 1989-1991).
Married Nina Electrical Engineer Helander, May 5, 1951. Children: Martin Robert, Eva Maria (deceased), Robin Johannes.