Bachelor of Science in Education, Rutgers University, 1955; postgraduate, Temple University, 1955-1956; Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1967.
Divisional commander western New York, The Salvation Army, Buffalo, 1978-1979; training principal School for Officer's Training, The Salvation Army, Rancho Palos Verdes, California, 1979-1981; divisional commander N.W., The Salvation Army, Seattle, 1981-1984; field secretary for personnel western terrace, The Salvation Army, Rancho Palos Verdes, 1984-1989; chief secretary, The Salvation Army, Rancho Palos Verdes, 1989-1993; eastern territorial commander, The Salvation Army, West Nyack, New York, since 1993. Member of national personnel commission The Salvation Army, 1984-1989, member of national planning and development commission, 1981-1984, 86-, member of national conference commissioner, since 1989.
Trustee Azuza Pacific University, 1979-1981. Member Phi Delta Kappa.
Married Pauline Ann Laipply, October 21, 1967. 1 child, Christopher Bryce.