Master of Arts, Southern Illinois University, 1960. Doctor of Philosophy, Yale University, 1961. Master of Science, Yale University, 1962.
Research associate Department Mental Health Illinois, Anna, 1962-1966. Assistant professor, then associate professor psychology Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, 1966-1971. Research director Department Mental Health Michigan, 1971-1975.
President Foundation for Behavioral Resources, Augusta, Michigan, since 1975. Member various national communications National Institute of Mental Health, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, special presidential commission, Washington, 1975-1985.