Bachelor, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand, 1947. Doctor of Laws (honorary), Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand, 1984.
Director Wright Stephenson & Company Ltd., Wellington, 1962—1968, managing director, 1968—1970, chairman board, 1970—1972. Chairman board, managing director Challenge Corp, 1972—1981. Chairman board & Chief Executive Officer Fletcher Challenge Ltd., 1981—1987, chairman board, 1987—1995.
Ret, 1995; board directors Reserve Bank New Zealand, 1986—1988, Australian and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd., from 1988. Inaugural member international board advice Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Banking Group, 1986—1993. Board directors Air New Zealand Ltd., 1989—1993.
Chairman board directors Wrightson Ltd., 1993—2001, Toyota New Zealand Ltd., 1994—2001. Member international advisory board Proudfoot PLC, 1992—1995.
Trustee & chairman New Zealand Institute Economic Research, Inc., 1973—1986. Member and chair Overseas Investment Commission, 1974—1977. Chair New Zealand Business Roundtable, 1985—1990.
International president Pacific Basin Economic Council, 1986—1988, immediate past president, 1988—1990. Fellow: New Zealand Society Accountants Club (Wellington).
Married Margaret Patricia Rainey, July 2, 1955. Children: John Clement, William Ronald, Elizabeth Ann, Douglas James.