In addition to African ancestry, Rosa Parks' had Scots-Irish descend by one of he great-grandfathers and Native American by one of her slave great-grandmothers.
Rosa Louise Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. She was the daughter of Leona Edwards, a teacher, and James McCauley, a carpenter. Her parents separated when Parks was two. Parks’ mother moved the family to Pine Level, Alabama, to live with her parents, Rose and Sylvester Edwards. Both of Parks' grandparents were formerly enslaved and strong advocates for racial equality; the family lived on the Edwards' farm, where Parks and her younger brother Sylvester would spend their youth.
Parks' childhood brought her early experiences with racial discrimination and activism for racial equality. In one experience, Parks' grandfather stood in front of their house with a shotgun while Ku Klux Klan members marched down the street.