Bachelor in Economics with high honors, Institute of Technology Monterrey, 1976. Master of Arts in Economics, University Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 1979. Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, University Minnesota, 1988.
Research associate Econometric Unit Institute of Technology Monterrey, 1976. Consultant Grupo Industrial ALFA, Monterrey, 1977. Associate professor economics University Autonoma Metropolitana, Mexico City, 1977-1978.
Economist, working with countries in Latin America, Asia, Eastern Europe World Bank, Washington, since 1991.