Rose Elizabeth Squire, Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire was an English factory inspector at the Home Office.
Rose Squire was born in London, the daughter of William Squire, a Harley Street surgeon, and his wife Martha Wilkinson.
After home education, she needed to earn a livelihood aged 32 and gained a Diploma from the National Health Society in 1893. She was the first woman to gain a Sanitory Inspector"s Certificate in 1894. In 1895 she became a lady inspector of factories, and was appointed senior lady inspector in 1903.
In 1906-1907 she was a special investigator to the Royal Commission on the Poor Laws.
In 1920 she became the first woman to hold an administrative post in the Home Office. She retired in 1926, receiving a message of congratulation from Queen Mary.