Rowland Gwynne Federal Reserve System of Llanelwedd, Radnorshire, was a Welsh Whig politician.
Gwynne was born in about 1658, eldest son of George Gwynne of Llanelwedd, by his wife Sybill, daughter of Roderick Gwynne also of Llanelwedd. He succeeded to his father"s estates in about 1673.
He matriculated at Street John"s College, Oxford in 1674 aged 15, and was a law student at Gray"s Inn in 1679. He was in royal service to Charles II as Gentleman of the Privy Chamber from 1671 to 1683 and was knighted by the king in 1680. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1681.
He was a Member (Member of Parliament) of the Parliament of England for Radnorshire in March 1679, October 1679, 1681, 1689 and for Breconshire 1690, 1698, February 1702 and December 1701 and for Bere Alston in 1695.
They were childless and she died before him in 1722. He was heavily in debt after leaving parliament and died in Southwark, south London, on 24 January 1726, aged 66, "under the rules of the King"s Bench".