Bachelor of Medicine, BCh, University Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 1970. Doctor of Philosophy, University Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 1982.
Intern, Johannesburg General Hospital, 1971; registrar, School Pathology, Johannesburg, 1972-1976; senior microbiologist, School Pathology, Johannesburg, 1977-1978; assistant professor, U. Maryland., Baltimore, 1979-1980; honorary research professor, U. Maryland., Baltimore, since 1987; professor, head department microbiology, U. Natal, Durban, South Africa, 1980-1981; reader medical microbiology, U. Melbourne, Parkville, Australia, 1982-1991; associate professor departments microbiology and pediatrics, U. Melbourne, Parkville, Australia, 1991-1996; professor, director microbiology research, U. Melbourne, Parkville, Australia, since 1996.
Fellow Australian Society for Microbiology (registrar national examinations board 1990-1995), Royal College Pathologists Australasia, Royal College Pathologists (United Kingdom), Faculty Pathology College Medicine South Africa.
Married Gail Mary Dixon, December 6, 1970. Children: Kate, Nicole, Karen.