Graduate in philosophy, Moscow State University, 1972.
Senior teacher, head chair Kyrgyz University, 1975-1979. 2d secretary Regional CP Committee, Frunze, 1979-1986. Secretary City CP Committee, 1979-1986.
Vice chairman council ministers Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics Minister Foreign Affairs, 1986-1989, ambassador to Malaysia, 1991-1992. Executive secretary Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics Committee on United Nations Educational Problems, 1989-1990, chair, 1990-1991. Vice prime minister, minister foreign affairs Government of Kyrgyzstan, 1992, minister foreign affairs, 1994—1996, acting minister foreign affairs, 2005.
Ambassador to the United States Minister Foreign Affairs, Kyrgyzstan, 1992-1994, ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1997—2002. Deputy special representative to Georgia Office of United Nations Secretary-General, 2002—2004. Co-founder Ata Dzhurt Party, Kyrgyzstan, 2004.
Deputy Social Democratic Party, Kyrgyzstan, since 2007. Member of Parliament Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament), Kyrgyzstan, since 2007. Head of interim government Kyrgyz Republic, 2010, acting prime minister, 2010, president, since 2010.
Member advisory board Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Moscow.
Married; 2 children.