Born on 24 March 1940, in Breslau, Silesia, Pawelka is an important German politician of the Christian Democratic Union. Pawelka was a Chief Police Director official Between 1975 and 1990 he was chairman of the Christian Democratic Union branch in Leverkusen-Rheindorf. From 1990 to 1994, and again from 2004 to 2009 he was a councilor in Leverkusen.
In 2000 he succeeded Herbert Hupka as federal chairman of the Landsmannschaft Schlesien.
From 2001 to 2005 Pawelka was chairman of the Prussian Trust. In 2003, as a head of the Prussian Trust, he angered Jewish groups and caused outrage in Poland, which has long feared that some of the 12 million expelled in 1945 or their descendants would return to claim their properties.
Since 1961 he has resided in Leverkusen in the Rhineland.