Russell Barton was an English-born Australian politician.
He was born at Penge to grazier Edmund Russell Barton and Sophia Russell.
The family migrated to Adelaide in 1839, where Barton worked on cattle and sheep stations before becoming a carrier for a copper mine at Burra Burra. He went to the Victorian goldfields in the early 1850s and on his return bought land around Adelaide. His property was destroyed by fire in 1855, and he managed a number of sheep stations, including one on the Bogan River in New South Wales.
He focused on his New South Wales properties from the 1860s and also speculated in mining.
In 1880 he was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for Bourke, serving until he resigned his seat in 1886 (no by-election was held due to the proximity of the 1887 election, which Barton did not contest). He died at Five Dock in 1916.