Bachelor of Science, Temple University, 1955. Master of Arts, University Iowa, 1956. Master of Arts, University Iowa, 1961.
Doctor of Philosophy, University Iowa, 1962. Master of Science, University Southern California, 1960. Bachelor of Laws, Juris Doctor, LaSalle University.
Graduate, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 1987. Graduate, United States Naval War College, 1991.
Member editorial staff, Philadelphia Inquirer, 1952-1954;
lecturer, U. Iowa, 1955-1957;
lecturer, University of Southern California, 1957-1958;
assistant professor, United States Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, 1958-1962;
associate professor, United States Naval Postgraduate School, 1963-1975;
professor, United States Naval Postgraduate School, 1975-1989;
professor emeritus, United States Naval Postgraduate School, since 1989;
practice law, since 1970. Free lance writer, since 1952, communications consultant, since 1963. Safety consultant international program University of Southern California Institute Safety and Systems Management, since 1983.
Consultant International Center for Aviation Safety, Lisbon, since 1984.
Captain United States Naval Reserve, 1966-1994.
Son of John Mark and Viola (Aurentz) B. Divorced; children— Ann Elizabeth, Jane Carmel.