Bachelor in Journalism, University Texas, 1954. Postgraduate, Santa Monica City College, 1964. Postgraduate, South Bay Adult School, 1983.
Postgraduate, Copper Mountain Campus, 1997.
Reporter Wall Street Journal, Dallas, St. Louis, 1956-1958, West Texas Livestock Weekly, San Angelo, 1958-1960. Publicity manager Riverside Cement Company, Los Angeles, 1960-1967. Assistant public relations manager Northrop Corporation, Hawthorne, California, 1967-1970.
Co-founder, manager Educational Cassettes Corporation, El Segundo, 1970-1975. Independent writer, photographer Los Angeles, Lake Elsinore, Yucca Valley, since 1975. Speaker 3rd Annual Conference The Center for Big Bend Studies, 1996.
Active Friends of the Library., Yucca Valley, California, since 1998, Center for Big Bend Studies, since 1996, Alliance for a Paving Moratorium, since 1997.