Commissioned officer Indian Army, 1940—1947, Pakistan Army, 1947, vicechief general staff, 1958, advanced through grades to lieutenant general, 1969, Commander armored division. Chief general staff Parkistan Army, corporations Commander, Commander Eastern Zone, 1969—1971. Commandant Army Staff College.
Governor, marital law administrator of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). Retired, 1971
Pakistan ambassador to France, 1972, 1980—1982. Ambassador to Ireland, 1973, to United States of America, to Jamaica, 1973—1977, to Moscow, 1979—1980.
Foreign minister Government Pakistan, Islamabad, 1982—1987, 1988—1990. Special representative of United Nations secretary-general United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara, Laayoune, Western Sahara, since 1993.