Engineer, Engineering School, Rabat, Morocco, 1963. M. of Economics, University Tunis, 1966. Doctor of Philosophy, University Kansas, 1972.
Engineer for planning Ministry of Planning, Tunis, Tunisia, 1963-1967. Lecturer University Kansas, Lawrence, 1967-1972. Professor economics University Tunis, 1972-1980.
Deputy director general Ministry Foreign Affairs, Tunis, 1976-1980. Chief division United Nations Development Programme United Nations, New York City, 1982-1987, resident representative Iraq, 1989-1992, Libya, 1992-1997, chief of division New York City, since 1997.