Bachelor, Indiana University Pennsylvania, 1978. Juris Doctor, Loyola University, 1981.
From staff attorney to senior vice president legal services and chief counsel Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, 1982—1993. Professional staff member United States House Education & Workforce Committee, 1993—2001. Director industry and government affairs, lobbyist Apollo Group Inc./U. Phoenix, 2001—2002.
Assistant secretary postsecondary education United States Department Education, Washington, 2002—2006. Deputy staff director United States House Education & Workforce Committee, 2006—2008. Republican staff director United States House Education and Labor Committee, since 2008.