Bachelor in Government & Economics, University Hawaii, 1963. Bachelor of Laws, La Salle Law School, 1966.
Member assistant director Tax Foundation, Hawaii, 1965—1968. President executive director Small Business Hawaii, 1968—1982. Economist director Economic Division Bank Hawaii, 1968—1982.
Assistant professor Hawaii Pacific University, 1974—1984. Owner Sms Consultancy, since 1976. Conservation speaker Hawaii, since 1982.
Member District 8 Hawaii State Senate, since 1996. Member Rediscover Hawaii Kai Organizing Committee, United States Small Business Administrator, Regional Advisor Council.
Member of Hawaii Economic Association, University Hawaii Alumni Association.
Married Francine Louise Slom. Children: Sam, Stuart, Sid, Spencer.