Bachelor, Ohio State University, 1948. Bachelor of Science, Ohio State University, 1950. Master of Education, Ohio State University, 1954.
Doctor of Education, University Illinois, 1960.
Teacher Wyandotte Public Schools, Michigan, 1950-1953, Campus School Wisconsin State College, Louisiana Crosse, 1953-1954. Assistant professor Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, 1960-1961, University of Chicago, 1964-1968. Associate professor.Ind.
University, Bloomington, 1968-1974.
Professor State University of New York-Buffalo, Amherst, 1974-1995,professor emeritus, 1995. Visiting professor Texas Woman"s University, Denton, 1980-1981.
Consultant in field
Fellow National Conference Research in English (president 1978-1979). Member International Reading Association (Special Service award 1987, Wm. S. Gray citation of merit 1997), National Council Teachers English, American Educational Research Association, Niagara Frontier Reading Council (vice president 1990-1991, Special Service award 1990).
1 child, Robert.