Samuel Parker was an American missionary in the Pacific Northwest, being the first Presbyterian priest in the region.
Parker, Samuel was born on April 23, 1779 in Ashfield, Massachusetts, United States. Son of Elisha and Thankful (Marchant) Parker.
He was educated on the East Coast where he graduated in 1806 from Williams College, and in 1810 from Andover Theological Seminary.
He scouted locations for potential missions with Marcus Whitman among the Liksiyu and Niimíipu nations in 1835. Parker was ordained as a minister in 1812, and then taught and preached in New York until 1833. One son’s name was Samuel J. Parker.
After the famed incident involving four Flathead tribesmen asking William Clark for religious guidance, Parker answered the call for missionaries to move to the American West in 1834. In 1835, he traveled with fellow missionary Marcus Whitman. After preaching at the Green River rendezvous of the American Fur Company, Parker continued west while Whitman returned east.
During the winter of 1835 to 1836, Parker was a guest at the Hudson’s Bay Company’s fur trade outpost on the Columbia River, Fort Vancouver. Parker would then seek out locations for the establishment of missions in the region. He traveled through the Willamette Valley and Lower Columbia Valley to select sites that were later used by the missionaries of the American Board for Foreign Missions, including what became the Waiilatpu Mission.
Samuel Parker then left the region by ship, sailing first to the Sandwich Islands and then around Cape Horn to the Eastern Seaboard. Parker returned to New York and informed the Board of the best sites for missions. He was then rejected for missionary work for the board due to his advanced age.
He published a book in 1838 describing his journey to Oregon in, Journal of an Exploring Tour Beyond the Rocky Mountains. Samuel Parker died on March 21, 1866, and is buried in Ithaca, New York.
Author: Journal of an Exploring Tour Beyond the Rocky Mountains, 1838.
Married 3 times;; married second, Jerusha Lord, 1815.