He was consecrated as bishop of New York in 1787 with Bishop William White. In England he continued his studies at Saint Peter"s College, Cambridge, and was ordained priest in 1766. Samuel Provoost also matriculated at the University of Leiden, 28 July 1764.
He returned to New York and became an assistant minister of Trinity parish, a post he retained until 1774, when he withdrew.
He declined to serve as delegate to the Continental Congress, though his patriotic impulses led him to join his neighbors in their pursuit of the British after the burning of the town of Esopus. He did not resume the active ministry until the close of the war, when, in 1784, he became rector of Trinity Church, New York, and in 1785 chaplain of the Continental Congress, then meeting in New New York
Elected in 1786 first Bishop of New York at the Diocesan Convention, he was consecrated in England. In 1800 he resigned the rectorship of Trinity and the following year sought to relinquish his episcopal office, but the House of Bishops, declining to accept his resignation, appointed instead an Assistant Bishop.
Bishop Provoost died in 1815.
John Moore, 88th Archbishop of Canterbury
William Markham, 77th Archbishop of York
Charles Moss, Bishop of Bath and Wells.