Bachelor, Yeshiva University, 1940. Rabbi, Yeshiva University, 1941. Master of Arts, Butler University, 1946.
Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1959.
Rabbi, United Hebrew Congregation, Indianapolis, 1941-1951; rabbi, Congregation Chevra Tehillim, Lynn, Massachusetts, 1951-1994. Professor theology Merrimack College, North Andover, Massachusetts, 1970-1995. President Orthodox Rabbinical Council, Boston, 1950-1995, Massachusetts Council Rabbis, Boston, 1950-1995.
Board of directors Value of Life Committee, Boston, 1952. Member American Association of University Professors, College Theology Society.
Married Edith Phyllis Muskin, January 25, 1942. 1 child, Joseph Raphael.