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Samuell Gorton Edit Profile

assistant , commissioner , colonizer , Clothier

Samuel Gorton was an early settler and civic leader of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations and President of the towns of Providence and Warwick.

Background

Samuell Gorton was born near Manchester. He was baptized on 12 February 1592/3.

Education

Gorton was educated by tutors and became an accomplished scholar, particularly in the area of languages and English law.

Career

Little is known of him before he left his work as a clothier in London to emigrate to Massachusetts. Gorton arrived in Massachusetts at the height of the crisis surrounding heretic Anne Hutchinson and soon was forced to leave. He went to Plymouth briefly, then moved to Portsmouth. He left both communities chiefly because of his conviction for "contempt of court" in defending an accused servant. He settled in Providence, R. I. , then journeyed to Pawtuxet and to Shawomet near Providence. There he bought land from the Native Americans and appeared to have found peace. But Massachusetts would not leave him alone. Gorton and his followers were ordered to appear in Boston to defend their land claims. When they refused, Massachusetts sent three commissioners and forty militiamen to Shawomet. After negotiations failed, the militia attacked, captured Gorton and eight others, and confiscated their cattle. The men were taken to Boston, where the proceedings against them resembled an inquisition. After political and religious examinations, they were convicted of blasphemy and of being enemies of the true religion. Placed in irons, they were dispersed among the communities of Massachusetts with orders not to continue their "errors. " The men from Shawomet could not be silenced, however, and eventually they were banished. Gorton took his case to England and applied for Parliament's protection against the encroachments of Massachusetts. He won his case and was granted the right to live unmolested at Shawomet, which he renamed Warwick in honor of the English earl who had been its protector. Once safe politically and religiously, Gorton became a respectable and useful, if less exciting, individual. The leading citizen of Warwick, he was active in the government of Rhode Island, serving in both houses of the Assembly and acting as its president in 1651. He died in 1677.

Achievements

  • He was a colonizer who held religious views that made him a misfit in early New England and led him to establish his own settlement in Rhode Island.

Religion

He had strong religious beliefs which differed from Puritan theology and was very outspoken, and he became the leader of a small sect of converts known as Gortonists or Gortonites. As a result, he was frequently in trouble with the civil and church authorities in the New England colonies.

He expected to find toleration for his unique religious views in the New World but instead met with antagonism. He advocated a personal religious belief which denied governmental intervention, and he also challenged New England's political autonomy by asserting the supremacy of English governmental institutions.

Connections

Samuel Gorton was married prior to 11 January 1629/30 to Mary Mayplet, the daughter of John Mayplet who was a haberdasher.

father:
Thomas Gorton

mother:
Anne Gorton

spouse:
Mary Mayplett

child:
Mary

child:
Maher

child:
Sarah

child:
John

child:
Samuel

child:
Elizabeth

child:
Ann

child:
Benjamin

child:
Susanna