Associate Degree in Nursing, Delta College, 1973. Bachelor of science in nursing, SVSC, 1982. Master of Arts, Center Michigan University, 1984.
Postgraduate, Columbia Pacific University, since 1990.
Staff Registered Nurse, operating room, St. Luke's Hospital, Saginaw, Michigan staff Registered Nurse, critical care, Bay Medical Center, Bay City, Michigan nursing educator, critical care, Bay Medical Center, Bay City, Michigan, since 1990.
Member American Nurses Association, American Association of Critical Care Nurses, NNSDO (board directors), American Heart Association, American Trauma Society, Michigan Nurses Association, Michigan Heart Association, Emergency Nurses Association, Sigma Theta Tau.