173 W Lorain St, Oberlin, OH 44074, United States
Sara graduated from Oberlin College in 1973 with a Bachelor of Arts.
413 E 69th St, New York, NY 10021, United States
In 1977 Sara got a Master of Arts from Hunter College of the City University of New York.
77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States
Sara got a Doctor of Philosophy in 1996 from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
(From the first American attempts at fireproof constructio...)
From the first American attempts at fireproof construction in the 1790s to the steel and concrete high-rises of the early twentieth century, The Fireproof Building traces the development of structural fire protection in America and its important consequences for building construction as well as for the safety of cities. Urban conflagrations destroyed many downtowns in the nineteenth century. To protect their property, some owners made their buildings fire-resistive - or as they were called in the past, fireproof - by using new kinds of noncombustible materials and arranging the space inside to check the spread of fire. As these methods improved and owners replaced combustible buildings with fireproof ones, urban firestorms became a thing of the past. Sara E. Wermiel explores the work of the pioneers of structural fire protection, such as the architect Peter B. Wight. She explains when and why the materials of fireproof construction, including structural iron and hollow tile, came into use. Yet the relatively high cost of these materials discouraged owners from adopting them. The system finally began to be used widely at the end of the nineteenth century, after large cities had enacted building laws mandating fireproof construction for tall buildings and theaters.
(The fourth title in the Norton/Library of Congress series...)
The fourth title in the Norton/Library of Congress series, this abundantly illustrated book conveys the romance and beauty of lighthouses and beacons while explaining the development of the forms, materials, architecture, and engineering of their structure: wood, masonry, cast-iron plate, on- and off-shore skeletal, caisson, and reinforced concrete. It covers lighthouses from all parts of the United States from the late eighteenth century to the 1940s, when control of the lighthouses was transferred to the Coast Guard and after which few new ones were constructed. Images of lighthouses from coast to coast provide examples of striking design and setting as well as celebrating technological achievement and the work of important engineers include associated structures such as keepers' quarters, fog signal buildings, boathouses and boat railroads, cistern buildings, barns, and workshops, as well as interiors and working details of the light mechanisms.
Sara graduated from Oberlin College in 1973 with a Bachelor of Arts. In 1977 she got a Master of Arts from Hunter College of the City University of New York, and a Doctor of Philosophy in 1996 from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Sara E. Wermeil began her career as a planner at Boston Redevelopment Authority. She worked there from 1978 to 1980. She then held a position as a budget specialist in the Office of Budget and Management from 1981 to 1983.
In 1983 Wermeil took a position of director of planning and management information systems at Philadelphia Housing Development Corp. and in 1986 she was a planner at Boston Redevelopment Authority.
From 1987 to 2000 Sara served as a computer specialist at the Department of Housing and Community Development, Boston.
Sara E. Wermiel is an independent scholar, historic preservation consultant, and teacher.
She has written several books and many articles on the main subjects of her research: structural fire protection, and the development of new materials and assemblies for constructing buildings in the nineteenth century. Her book, "The Fireproof Building: Technology and Public Safety in the Nineteenth-Century American City" (2000), treats the history of structural fire protection in buildings.
Her article on the fire insurance industry in the 19th century and its lack of support for fireproof construction is in Flammable Cities. The first skeleton-frame building in the United States, the Marine Hospital in New Orleans, is the subject of an essay in "Before Steel: The Introduction of Structural Iron and Its Consequences."
(The fourth title in the Norton/Library of Congress series...)2006
(From the first American attempts at fireproof constructio...)2000
Sara is a Democrat.
Wermiel's main subjects of research are structural fire protection and the development of new materials and assemblies for constructing buildings in the nineteenth century. Her teaching has focused on historical construction materials and assemblies, and policies and programs to protect built heritage.