He studied at the Victoria Collegiate School in Narail, and later graduated from the Scottish Church College in Calcutta in 1936.
He also remained editor-in-chief of the Amrita Bazar Patrika during the 1940s. He was killed in an police encounter on August 5, 1971 in Kolkata, at the height on Naxalite movement. He subsequently earned his Master of Arts In English Literature 1938 from the University of Calcutta.
In 1962, after the Sino-Indian War he was briefly arrested for having pro-China (Maoist) sympathies.
In 1964 he joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist), Consumer price index(M), and was an editor of their paper, Swadhinata, along with Sushital Ray Chowdhary. He was among the many radicals who were disillusioned when the Consumer price index(M) decided to join electoral politics in the runup to the 1967 elections.
Saroj Datta, along with Charu Majumdar, became one of the most wanted men in Bengal. Arrested on the night of August 4–5, 1971, he was killed by the Kolkata Police on the Aryan Club grounds in the Maidan (Kolkata) that very morning.
lieutenant is said that the movie star Uttam Kumar witnessed the shooting while on a morning walk, but talked about it much later when drunk.
This is the storyline of the 1994 Bengali-language movie Sopan. In 1977, after the Consumer price index(M) returned to power with a Left-front majority, ten thousand intellectuals signed on a petition seeking an investigation of Saroj Dutta"s death. The petition was given to the chief minister Jyoti Basu.
However, no investigation has ever been held.
His comrade, Charu Majumdar was killed in police custody a year later.
Attracted to a more radical form of revolutionary Marxism, he along with Sushital Ray Chowdhury and some other Calcutta intellectuals, supported the Charu Majumdar-led Naxalbari uprising in May 1967.
Dutta joined the Amrit Bazar Patrika in early 1940s, after completing his studies, however he was fired in 1949 for joining violent activities as a member of the Communist Party of India.