Student, Moscow State University, 1968—1975.
Senior fellow Institute United States of America and Canada Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1981—1997, senior fellow Institute Oriental Studies, since 1997. Director project Religionity and Worldview of Russian People, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1990—1992. Director Sociological Order Moscow Foundation for Social Sciences, 1992—2002.
Coordinator project Encyclopedia of Contemporary Religious Life in Russia, Oxford, England, since 1994.
Married Taiyana Alexeevna Dobrovovskaya, January 19, 1995 (deceased July 18, 2004). 1 child Marfa.