Graduate, Economic University, Bratislava, 1988.
Director industry price section, Slovak Prices Control Board, 1988-1990; deputy director price section, Ministry of Finance, Bratislava, 1990-1992; executive director, Antitrust Authority of Slovak Republic, Bratislava, 1992; assistant to vice president economy, Headquarters Movement for Democratic Slovakia, 1992-1993; director economics policy section, Office of the Slovak Government, Bratislava, since 1993; deputy prime minister, Government Slovak Republic, Bratislava, since 1993; vice president for economy, Headquarters of the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, Bratislava, since 1994; parliamentary, National Council of the Slovak Republic, 1994-1998; deputy prime minister, minister of France, Slovak Republic, since 1994; world bank governor, EBRD governor, International Monetary Fund alternate governor, since 1998; deputy prime minister, Slovak Republic, since 1998. Secretary Movement for Democratic Slovakia, since 1992. Deputy National Council, since 1994.
He sits on its Committee on Budgets, and is a substitute for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs and a member of the Delegation to the American College of Physicians-European Union Joint Parliamentary Assembly.