1918 graduated Petrograd Medicine Institute.
Со-Editor, “Pharmacology” section, “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya” (Large Medical Encyclopedia), 2nd edition. Member, Editor Board, journal “Farmakologiya i toksikologiya” (Pharmacology and Toxicology), etc. At 1956 International Congress of Physiologists, Brussels, elected to International Council of Pharmacologists as USSR representative.
At 1959 International Congress of Physiologists, Buenos Aires, elected V.-President, Pharmacology Section, International Council of Physiologists. Works deal with pharmacology of cardiovascular system. 1919-1922 Assistant, Chair of Pharmacology, Petrograd Military Medicine Academy.
1922-1924 lecturer, Chair of Pharmacology, Leningrad Medicine Institute. 1924-1937 Professor, and Head, Chair of Pharmacology, Leningrad Military Medicine Academy.
Religion stops people thinking in a logical and reasonable way.