Student, College City New York, 1938. Student, New York University, 1939.
Worked at various jobs, to 1960. Teacher creative writing New School Social Research, New York City, since 1963. Professor University Denver., professor emeritus, 1985-1986.
Served with United States Army Air Force, 1942-1945, European Theatre of Operations.
Married Miriam Kligman, May 5, 1956. Children– Alan, Paul.