Biomedical Engineering, City College of New York, 1944. Master of Science in Aeronautical Engineering, Case. Institute of Technology, 1952.
Research engineer axial-flow compressors National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics/National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, 1944-1957. Supervisory research engineer Space Power Systems, 1957-1965, VTOL Propulsion Systems, 1965-1972, technical assistant to chief V/STOL and Noise division, 1972-1976. Manager Technology Report Services, Rocky River, Ohio, 1976-1985.
Associate fellow American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (Goddard award 1967). Member American Society of Mechanical Engineers (annual award gas turbine division 1961).