Bachelor, State University of New York, Albany, 1949. Master of Arts, State University of New York, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy, New York University, 1955.
Teacher social studies New Paltz (New York ) High School, 1950-1955. College teacher New Jersey State College, Montclair, 1955-1961. Associate director Institute for Asian Studies at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, summers 1960-1965.
Director education The Asia Society, New York City, 1961-1973. College teacher Fairleigh Dickinson University, Rutherford, New Jersey, 1973-1978. Director international services American Association Community Colleges, Washington, 1978-1981.
College administrator, professor humanities Brevard Community College, Cocoa, Florida, from 1981. Fulbright professor United States Educational Foundation in INdia, Allahabad, 1958-1959.
Sergeant infantry United States Army, 1944-1946, European Theatre of Operations.
Married Harriett A. Fein, August 31, 1947. Children: Donald, Susan, Maryl.