Student, University Shanghai, China, 1940-1941; Bachelor, University of Michigan, 1943; Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1949; Doctor of Laws (honorary), Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota, 1981.
Research fellow, deputy director, Institute International Studies, Beijing, 1959-1982; director Institute World Economics and Politics,, Chinese Academy Social Sciences, Beijing, 1982-1988; senior research fellow, Chinese Academy Social Sciences, Beijing, since 1988; president graduate school, Chinese Academy Social Sciences, Beijing, 1991-1994. Kenan professor political economics Carleton College, 1980-1981.
Member national committee Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Beijing, since 1988, member standing committee, since 1993. Member Chinese Society World Economy (president since 1985).
Married Xiuying Chen, February 10, 1951.