Bachelor, Yeshiva University, 1965. Juris Doctor, Brooklyn College, 1968.
Associate Schechter & Schwartz, New York City, 1968-1971. Law secretary to Judge Francis Pecora New York Civil Court, 1971-1976. Partner Agri, Bilder & Silver, 1976-1981.
Member District 64 New York State Assembly, Albany, since 1977, interim speaker, 1994, speaker of the house, since 1994, chairman ways & means committee, 1992—1994, chairman rules committee, since 2001. Of counsel Weitz & Luxenberg, New York City, since 2002.
V.P. Bialystoker Synagogue, Young Israel Synagogue. Member of Assembly Puerto Rican /Hispanic Task Force.
Married Rosa Mandelkern, June 25, l967. Children: Edward, Janine, Michelle, Esther.