Mr. Hsu became a Pa Kung or Senior Licentiate in 1897. He began his official career as a member in the Law Compilation Bureau under the Board of Justice. In 1908 he became Associate Chief of the High Court of Justice for the Province of Fengtien. Some time later he was transferred to become the Judicial Commissioner of Shansi.
In 1910 Mr. Hsu accompanied Mr. George Hsu Chien, then a high Judicial Official in Peking, to Europe on a special mission to investigate and study judicial conditions existing in the different European countries. They were also sent to the United States to attend the Eighth Conference on Prison Reforms.
In the beginning of 1912 Mr. Hsu was in the Secretariat of General Chang Hsi-luan, then Military Governor of Chihli. In May 1912 he was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Peking. In July 1922 he became Minister of Justice.
Mr. Hsu resigned from the Ministership in September 1913. In October 1913 he was appointed Civil Governor of Fengtien. In March 1914 he resigned from this position and in May 1914 he received the appointment to be Civil Governor of Fukien.
In April 1916. Mr. Hsu left Foochow for Peking and a month later he resigned from the Civil Governorship of Fukien. In June 1916 he was transferred to be Minister of Communications. In May 1917 Mr. Hsu was involved in a case in connection with the purchase of cars for the Tientsin-Pukow Railway and he tendered his resignation.
In December 1913 Mr. Hsu was conferred the Second Class Tashou Paokuang Chiaho. In March 1920 he was conferred the Fourth Order of Merit.
In September 1921 Mr. Hsu received two appointments: director general of Anhui Famine Relief and Civil Governor of Anhui. In September 1922 he was conferred Acting Minister of Justice but he did not take up the appointment. In January 1923 Mr. Hsu was appointed Director of the Government Aeronautic Department but owing to opposition from certain military quarters he was not able to assume office and was officially relieved of this post in November 1923.