Shinzo Abe was born on September 21, 1954 in Tokyo, Japan, into a family immersed in Japanese politics on both its paternal and maternal sides. His father, Shintaro Abe, was country's Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1982 to 1986, and his father's father, Kan Abe, who first worked in a mall, served in Japan's House of Representatives. Abe's mother, Yoko Kishi, was a daughter of Nobusuke Kishi, a key military leader during World War II who served as part of General Hideki Tojo's circle of advisers. Kishi was Japan's Prime Minister from 1957 to 1960. Shinzo Abe is also a great-nephew of another Japanese Prime Minister, Eisaku Satō, who was at the helm from 1964 to 1972.