Student, Barnes Foundation, 1938-1940; Bachelor of Fine Arts, Pennsylvania Academy Fine Arts and University of Pennsylvania, 1941; postgraduate, Grand Chaumiere, Paris, 1948-1949.
Instructor New School for Social Research, 1963-1984, Art Students League, since 1973, Castle Hill, Truro, Massachusetts, since 1973. Instructor Skowhegan (Maine) School Painting and Sculpture, 1945-1958, 75-76, director, 1981-1983. Member New York City Art Commission, 1975-1978.
Artist-in-residence American Academy Rome, 1968-1969.
Board of directors Skowhegan School Painting and Sculpture, 1946-1987, 93. Captain C.E., United States Army, 1941-1945. Member National Academy of Design (Gold medal 1980, county member 1987-1989), Artists Equity, Sculptors Guild (vice president 1974-1980), Sculpture Center (vice president, trustee 1987-1989), Century Association Club. M C.
Married Joan E. Lewisohn, May 26, 1945 (divorced August 1964). Children: Mark, Teru, Rachel, Nora, Juno. Married Renee Lane Adriance, June 16, 1968.
Children: John Nicholas, James Anthony.