Bachelor of Arts, City College of New York, 1935; Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1938; Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, 1943.
Tutor in English, City College of New York, New York City, 1939-1943; instructor English, Queens College, New York City, 1946-1954; self-employed as editor, 1954-1958; assistant editor, Merriam-Webster, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1958-1961; associate professor fine arts, Syracuse University (New York), 1961-1966; professor, Syracuse University (New York), 1966-1985; professor emeritus, Syracuse University (New York), since 1985; director humanities doctoral program, Syracuse University (New York), 1964-1972; department chairman fine arts, Syracuse University (New York), 1969-1973. Bibliographer Shakespeare Association, New York City, 1949-1954.
Served to sergeant, infantry United States Army, 1943-1945, European Theatre of Operations. Fellow Royal Society Arts (London). Member Modern Language Association (life), Shakespeare Association American, International Shakespeare Association, American Association of University Professors (president Syracuse University chapter 1974), American Civil Liberties Union, Phi Beta Kappa.
Married Rae Dinkowitz, May 26, 1940. Children: David Phillip, Deborah Rose.