Simon Stampfer Edit Profile
From 1801 he attended the local school and in 1804 and moved to the Franciscan Gymnasium in Lienz, where he studied until 1807. From there he went to the Lyceum in Salzburg, to study philosophy, however he was not assessed.
A professor of practical physics at the Polytechnic Institute in Vienna in 1832, the scientist invented the “Wheel of Life," or, as he called it, the stroboscope. Concurrently but independently, Joseph Plateau of Belgium invented the similar phenakistoscope. Both devices placed serial images around the periphery of a disc; the images were reflected off a mirror and through slits in the disc and appeared to move as the disc revolved. Stampfer's device was patented in Austria on May 7, 1833, and he licensed a Vienna print shop to sell his “Optical Magic Disc." The independence of his discovery from Plateau's was verified by Poggendorf in 1834. Stampfer later improved on his invention by using two different discs and no mirror.
Unlike Plateau, Stampfer never realized the motion picture possibilities of his invention, but he is given credit for a major contribution in the development of modem cinematography.
In 1822, he married Johanna Wagner. They had a daughter in 1824 (Maria Aloysia Johanna) and in 1825 a son (Anton Josef Simon).