Bachelor of Medicine, London University, 1981. Master of Business Administration, Warwick Business School, Coventry, England, 1995. Doctor of Philosophy, Washington International University, 1998.
Junior medical doctor St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, 1981-1994. International product manager Pharmachemie, The Netherlands, 1995-1998. Associate medical director Scotia Pharmaceuticals, Stirling, Scotland, 1998-1999.
Research management consultant, since 1999. Medical advisor Indiana Medical United Kingdom, Ltd., since 2000.
Member BMA, Royal College Physicians London.