Diploma with general excellence, St. Michael's School Nursing, Newark, 1963. Bachelor of science in nursing cum laude, St. Joseph College, Emmitsburg, Maryland, 1967. MSN, University Maryland, Baltimore, 1969.
Staff nurse medical-surgical unit Holy Spirit Hospital, Camp Hill, Pennsylvania, 1963-1968, head nurse Intensive Care Unit-Cardiac Care Unit, 1969-1970. Supervisor Intensive Care Unit-Cardiac Care Unit, Divine Providence Hospital, Williamsport, 1970-1978, critical care educator, since 1980.
Member American Association Critical Care Nurses (certified), American Association of Critical Care Nurses, Sigma Theta Tau.