Bachelor, University Minnesota, 1947. Master of Arts, University Minnesota, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, Catholic University America, 1961.
Sisters of mercy Roman Catholic Church, 1949. Faculty Mount Mercy College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, since 1948. Professor department English.
Vice president board directors Mercy Medical Center Endowment Foundation. Executive director, since 1987.
Chairman board trustees medical center, since 1987.