Bachelor in Business Administration, Chiengmai (Thailand) University, 1971. Master of Arts in Economics, Middle Tennessee State University, 1974. Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, University Arkansas, 1986.
Visiting assistant professor economics Mississippi State University, Starkville, 1987. Assistant professor economics Alabama State University, Montgomery, 1989-1993, associate professor, since 1994.
Member American Economic Association, American Agricultural Economic Association, Reg. Science Research Institute, Southern Economic Association, Kiwanis (fundraising committee 1993-1995), Optimist Club (community service committee since 1993), Delta Mu Delta (advisor since 1995).