After the war, he earned his high school diploma and attended Cornell University, where he received a certificate from the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, and night school at Millard Fillmore College at the University of Buffalo.
He dropped out of Hutchinson Central High School and served six months with the Civilian Conservation Corps. In 1943, he joined the Army and served three years during World World War II, including an eight-month tour on Iwo Jima. In 1959, he accepted appointment to the at-large seat on the Common Council, when Thaddeus J. Dulski was elected to Congress.
In 1969, Makowski ran as the Democratic candidate for Erie County executive.
He was defeated in the general election by B. John Tutuska. In 1972, the Common Council created the post of deputy mayor and Makowski was the first appointed, serving under Mayor Frank A. Sedita.
Upon Mayor Sedita"s resignation of March 5, 1973, Makowski became mayor. He was elected as mayor on November 6, 1973 During his term, the Buffalo Convention Center was constructed, as was the Marine Midland Center.
On January 28, 1977, a most disastrous blizzard struck Buffalo and Western New New York
He served just one term as mayor. He died on August 5, 1981 and was buried in Saint Stanislaus Cemetery in Cheektowaga, New New York