Bachelor of Science, College City New York, 1945. Doctor of Philosophy, University Washington, 1953. Postgraduate, London School Oriental and African Studies, 1951.
Instructor history City College of New York, 1946. Instructor Far Eastern history University Washington, Seattle, 1951-1952, assistant professor, 1955. Lecturer history University of California at Los Angeles, 1953.
Lecturer in history, post-certificate class Chung Cheng Chung Hsueh Singapore, 1954. Assistant professor Far Eastern history Washington University, St. Louis, 1955-1958, associate professor, 1959-1964, associate professor Chinese history, 1964-1965, professor emeritus Asian studies, 1965-1989, professor emeritus and from 1989. Chairman department Chinese and Japanee studies, 1964-1972, director East Asian Language and AreaCtr., 1964, Office International studies, 1969.
Visiting professor Chinese and Japanese history Columbia University, 1962. Visiting professor University Singapore, summers 1967-1969, 71-73, Waseda University, Tokyo, 1966-1967, Ikip University, Bandung, Indonesia, summer 1969.
Chairman Seattle chapter American Veterans Committee, 1948-1949. Co-chairman Citizens for Stevenson, Seattle, 1952. Chairman St. Louis-Nanjing (Peoples Republic China) Sister City Committee Served with United States Naval Reserve, 1942-1943.
Member American Association of University Professors, Midwest Conference on Asian Studies (president 1967-1968), Chinese Language Teachers Association (president since 1971), American Polit Science Association, Association Asian Studies, American History Association, International Studies Association.
Married Betty Peishan Yue, March 8, 1963. Children– Pat Lee, Stephanie Spector Van Denberg, Lee Paul, Jon Marc.