AB, Capital University, 1943. Doctor of Divinity (honorary), Capital University, 1964. Bachelor's Degree, Lutheran Theological Seminary, 1945.
Postgraduate, University St. Andrews, Scotland, 1955. Postgraduate, Ecumenical Institute, Geneva, 1958.
Pastor, Christ Lutheran Church, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, 1945-1947; assistant pastor, St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Toledo, 1947-1949; senior pastor, St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Toledo, 1975-1987; pastor emeritus, St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Toledo, since 1987; pastor, St. Paul Lutheran Church, Michigan City, Indiana, 1949-1954; professor homiletics, liturgics, Lutheran Theological Seminary, Columbus, Ohio., 1954-1975. Chair commission on evangelism American Luth Church, Minneapolis, 1960-1962, chair board for theological education and ministry, 1976-1987. Secretary Committee on Lectionary and Calendar Reform, 1976-1980.
Public member Toledo Labor/Management/Citizen's Committee, since 1980. Board directors St. Luke's Hospital, Maumee, Ohio, 1979-1991. Member adult services committee Lucas County Health Board, Toledo, since 1989.
Member Kit Kat Club (president Columbus chapter 1974-1975), Rotary.
Married Marcella Caroline Degen, August 24, 1945. Children: Philip James, Carolyn Jean.