Bachelor, University Chicago, 1937. Master of Arts, University Chicago, 1938. Doctor of Philosophy, New York University, 1950.
Instructor English Purdue University, 1938-1941, New York University, 1946-1947, 48-49. Member faculty Queens College, City University of New York, since 1949, professor English, 1964-1985, appointed poet laureate, since 1997.
Served to 1st lieutenant Army of the United States, 1941-1945. Member Phi Beta Kappa., Serbian Orthodox Church.