University of Toronto (Bachelor of Arts, 1974). University of Western Ontario (Bachelor of Laws, 1977). Cambridge University (Master of Laws, 1981).
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, Ontario) specializing in Communications, Media and Entertainment, Corporate and Commercial, Mergers and Acquisitions, Securities. Admitted to the bar, 1979, Ontario. Admitted as a solicitor, 1987, England, Wales and Hong Kong.
Canadian Bar Association.