Bhattacharya graduated from the Jogamaya Devi College, an affiliated undergraduate women"s college of the historic University of Calcutta, in Kolkata.
She was interested in writing from her childhood. She returned to writing with short stories written in the late seventies (1978–1979). She started writing novels in the mid eighties.
Within a decade, especially after publication of the novel Kacher Dewal (Glass Wall), she became one of the major writers of Bengal.
She died on May 12, 2015 at 10.45pm at her home in Dhakuria, Kolkata due to a Heart attack. Her writing focuses on contemporary social issues.
She was a perceptive observer of the changing urban milieu and her writing closely examines the contemporary Bengali middle class. Crisis in human relationships and the changing values of the present era along with degeneration of the moral fiber of the society in the backdrop of globalization and consumerism are depicted in her prose.
Exploitations and sufferings of women regardless of their social or economic identities find a distinct voice in her writing.
While she was famous for her writing on women"s issues, she did not consider herself as a feminist. She took up many odd jobs in her early youth and finally joined the public service which she left in 2004 to become a full-time writer Her long career is reflected in many of her stories and novels.
Over the past two decades, Suchitra had written about 24 novels and a large number of short stories in different leading Bengali literary magazines.
Some of her acclaimed novels are–
Kachher Manush (Close to Maine)
Dahan (The Burning), Kacher Dewal (The Wall Of Glass)
Hemonter Pakhi(Bird of Autumn)
Aleek Shukh(Heavenly happiness)
Gabhir Ashukh (A Grave Illness)
Uro Megh(Flying Cloud)
Alochhaya(Shadows Of Light)
Anyo Basanto(Another Spring)
Palabar Path Nei
Jalchhobi among others Her novels and short stories have been translated into many Indian languages such as Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Oriya, Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi and English.
She also wrote novels and short stories for children. She has written a series of detective novels in the yearly "Anandamela" with the fictional character "Mitin mashi".
Her novel Dahan was made into a movie by famous Bengali director, Rituparno Ghosh.
Suchitra Bhattacharya died on 12 May 2015 due to a massive cardiac arrest at her home in Dhakuria, Kolkata.