Bachelor of Science in Art Education/English, Pennsylvania State University, 1964; Master of Arts in Art History, Pennsylvania State University, 1978; Doctor of Philosophy in Art History, Pennsylvania State University, 1995.
Art/English teacher Phoenixville (Pennsylvania) Area High School, 1964-1965. Art teacher K-6 Newark (Delaware) Special School District, 1965-1970. Art/English 7-9 Emmaus (Pennsylvania) Junior High School, 1970-1971.
Instructor art history Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 1980—1995, editor, papers in art history, 1983—2001, assistant professor art history, 1995—2001. Assistant professor art history McDaniel College, Westminster, Maryland, 2001—2005, associate professor, since 2006.
Member International Society for Chinese Architectural History Society, Society Architl. Historians, British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, American Society 18th Century Studies, International Fulbright Association, Alpha Delta Kappa.